Utilitarianism Principle

Utilitarianism Principle
Utilitarianism Principle

Utilitarianism is the ethical philosophy which holds that the right action is the one that maximizes utility or happiness for all involved. We know in this case, it was wrong for him to steal from his employer.

 

The utilitarian principle would say that stealing from your employer would lead to a net loss of utility/happiness for every person in this situation, including Tom himself.

 

To illustrate what utilitarianism means, imagine two people: Sally and Tom. Sally has 90% health and 100% wealth while Tom has 20% health and 50% wealth. Utilitarianism would say Sally should give her money to Tom because she could gain twice as much happiness by doing so, giving him 50%. Tom should be given his money because he could gain twice as much happiness by doing so, receiving 20.

 

 

The question you’re asking is what principle of utilitarianism Tom should follow. It’s important to note that the principle you choose must be consistent with other principles of utilitarianism. You can’t just apply one part of a theory that isn’t compatible with another part, like a cherry on top of a sundae. For instance, we could say that we should not lie to maximize utility/happiness and then apply this rule to steal from our employers out of necessity. The principle must be supported by all other principles.

 

The act utilitarianism principle could be used to answer this question. This would say that one should go with whatever option maximizes utility/happiness for everyone involved in the situation. Stealing from his employer would not create more utility/happiness for anyone involved (including Tom), whereas keeping his job would fulfill this rule for everyone.

 

 

Stealing from his employer to pay the loan company back would only create less happiness and more pain than remaining employed and paying them back honestly.

 

 

So, in conclusion, utilitarianism is the ethical philosophy which holds that the right action is the one that maximizes utility/happiness for all involved.

 

The act utilitarianism principle would say that one should go with whatever option maximizes utility/happiness for everyone involved as opposed to doing what is best for yourself and everything else be damned. So in this case, it’s clear that Tom should be honest and keep his job rather than selfishly stealing from his employer to pay back a loan company.

 

In conclusion, utilitarianism is the ethical philosophy which holds that the right action is the one that maximizes utility/happiness for all involved.

 

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