Metacognition is focused on the process of learning, thinking about your own learning, and actively trying to improve it. This article will outline some strategies for using metacognition when you study.
Know what you’re studying
-Have a specific goal or question in mind before you begin your study session for a more focused study time. Choose an open-ended question that allows for multiple answer styles and keep your goal in mind throughout the session to maintain momentum.
For example, write down five different types of writing that interest you or five different topics that are interesting to research into so that once you start studying one particular style or topic, it will increase motivation.
When you study, try to focus on different parts of the text or different aspects of a topic to make it more engaging. Try to ask questions that spark your interest without getting stuck in a single answer, and this will keep you motivated.
Try different methods of study. If you have time for all of them at once, try using them one at a time and see which works best for you. For example, when writing, take a break from studying and just write for twenty minutes about what you are studying.
When researching, take breaks from reading through an article or chapter to look up information that piqued your interest and return back to the study session. This will take time away from the overall study time, but you will retain more information and therefore have more to write about before your next study session.
Be aware of the types of information you are studying. For example, if you are studying for a test on historical events, try to focus on interesting tidbits of information that may not be tested but will be interesting to write about on a test.
Try to vary your study methods. Try reading again. Sometimes just forcing yourself to do something else is enough to get those brain juices flowing again.
Try different study techniques ask questions about the material to avoid getting stuck dealing with a complex learning concept. Also, by asking questions, you are keeping your mind active and not stagnating on one particular answer.
Use your strengths. For example, if you really struggle with facts and figures, try using visualization techniques such as mnemonics or tracking inventories to help you retain the information.
If you have a learning disability like dyslexia, try using visual aids to help with learning. For example, draw diagrams or make use of diagrams from websites such as Wikipedia, which will make learning easier on your poor eyesight and visual acuity.