The Philippine National Police (PNP) is the police force under the control of the Philippines’ Department of Interior and Local Government. The PNP was founded as an organization of only 12,000 men in 1901 to counteract guerrilla activities by outlaws in Bulacan.
In 2004, former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Executive Order 378 which sought to deputize all municipal mayors or police chiefs. The order was invalidated by a Supreme Court decision on July 18, 2005 due to federalism concerns and violations of basic rights such as equal protection clause and due process clause.
The PNP’s Central Luzon Regional Operations Command (CLROC), which was established in 1999, is located in San Fernando, Pampanga. This will be the regional headquarters for all the police forces of Central Luzon instead of having a separate one for each component city or municipality. It will also house the College of Criminal Justice Education, which will be built near the compound.
In 1995, Republic Act No. 8551 established the Philippine National Police Academy (PNPA) as the national police academy of the Philippines. It is situated in Silang, Cavite.
The PNPA conducts two academic sessions every year with an enrollment capacity of one thousand each.
The present curriculum consists of 7 core subjects, 3 major subjects and 2 minor subjects. The core subjects are PNP Discipline and Ethics, Laws on Police Operations, Criminal Investigation Specialist (CIS), Police Patrol Techniques (PPT), Community Policing for Peacekeeping and Development (CP4PD) and Basic Communication/Report Writing/Computer Literacy/Office Procedures.
At the end of each academic year, a written examination is scheduled. Admission to the next academic year is based on a passing grade in that exam. Each major subject has a set of examinations for admission and graduation. The PNP Academy follows the practice of producing graduates each year and having two years for training before it produces a second batch of graduates. Thus, all cadets undergo two years training prior to graduation at the PNPA.