Language and Science

Language and Science
Language and Science

It seems like language is a universal concept in every culture and language. Many scientists, who study the evolution of languages and how they change over time, think that most languages originated with animal sounds.

These sounds are classified into phonemes which can be arranged to make many different words; this process is called morphological language construction. One way that humans have evolved as a species is by adding new vocabulary words to their languages over time to create new concepts or ideas.


This process of creating new lexical items has been shown through scientific research in certain parts of the world such as Africa, Asia, Europe and America among others. The term for the phenomenon where people add more vocabulary to their language is called neologism.


This research has been done mainly by studying languages of the world that are an offshoot or derivative of Latin or Latin based languages. This type of research was pioneered by Gonzalo Munevar and others. They have found that lexicalization is available in many languages and it is not unique to just one language. Other researchers such as Elizabeth Traugott have come up with more evidence to support this theory.


Formal linguistic analysis supports the concept of language change and development through time. Studies done on certain parts of speech in language such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs etc., show how they change over time in order to reflect the culture changes that occur throughout history and geography.


There are many factors that affect the languages around the world and how they change, grow and evolve as a language. For example, in an article written by Aviad Eilam, he explains how the number of speakers in a language can affect language growth and lexical expansion.


The more speakers a language has, then the more likely it is to expand its vocabulary with new words and concepts that meet their needs. Also, if a certain part of society needs to express themselves in order to formulate new ideas or express certain feelings or emotions, then there will be an expansion of vocabulary related to those needs which will be universally understood. In other words, that is why some of the languages made up words such as “love”, “hate” and “courage”.


With new technology being released out in the market, people are beginning to interact with each other based on their various comfort zones. One group of people who are no longer comfortable with technology is those who are older than 50 years old. This group has been shown to be more affected by the uses of social media compared to younger groups, like the 18-24 year old age range.


This affects how they communicate through conversations, texting or emailing and social media interactions. The design of these platforms is different from one another and reflects what people are comfortable with using at this time.


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