The theory of developmental influences on learning is that there are individual differences in the types of learning that people do, which is largely due to an individual’s unique innate characteristics.
This paper looks at two different types of learning: deep and surface. Deep learning happens when individuals are trying to learn something new; it is often hard work and focused effort.
Surface learning happens when an individual finds something new for the first time; it might happen quickly, by chance, or through information exposure. With deep and surface type thinking combined in all learners, this model allows for a more comprehensive view of how all people can be impacted by their own developmental characteristics.
The question to be answered is “why do some people learn quickly in certain domains, while others learn slowly?” This paper presents the research that has been conducted on this question.
“How do these factors affect learning and impact students’ performance?” The data collected from experiments and surveys suggests that there are developmental characteristics that are positively associated with learning.
These traits correspond to the three dimensions of individual differences discussed in previous research: cognitive style, motivation for learning, and general intelligence. Research provides evidence for each of these dimensions.
As indicated by studies on cognitive styles, academic environment can either facilitate or interfere with an individual’s ability to learn; it is largely due to an individual’s unique cognitive style.
The findings reveal that there are some people who are naturally motivated to learn, while others don’t seem to be so, although one could not necessarily consider these people lazy or unmotivated; it is more because they might not be interested in learning.
There is an idea that the human mind is generally the same. Research suggests otherwise, as there are individual differences in the way that people think and learn. This means that some people can learn much faster than others, which can impact their performance within a given domain.
Research also suggests that there are developmental influences on abilities and weaknesses with respect to different domains. Overall, cognitive styles, motivation for learning, and general intelligence are significant factors in learning.
There are some people who are more motivated than others to learn and this is largely due to the way those people think. The more a person is motivated to learn the more they want to get information out of their environment; it is not a passive process, but one of active engagement. This means that there are individuals who can learn a lot faster than others because they want to find out how something works or why something happened as opposed to simply gathering information about it. Motivation also plays an important role in deep learning.