Meta-cognitive strategies are strategies we use to monitor and control our learning, including the type of learning, pace of learning, and rate of retrieval or application.
The 7 metacognitive strategies to facilitate this type of learning are as follows:
3. Monitoring Progress
4. Evaluating Learning Content and Methods
5. Creating Strategies for Retrieving Information from Memory (e.g., imagery)
6. Increasing Effort and Slowing Down the Pace of Learning (e.g., think before exploring)
7. Creating a Good Foundation of Knowledge (e.g., reading, listening)
Upon reading this article it is clear that each of the 7 strategies are very helpful and can be used in many different situations. For example, variety of strategies is needed for a student taking a foreign language class that focuses on grammar only so that it may be good to create some distinct strategies for each type of learning (i.e., vocabulary, verb conjugation, etc.).
The author argues that when there are multiple methods available to learning it is important to have variety in these methods so as to maximize their effectiveness and prevent the learning process from becoming rigid or boring.
In “Boring Learning: The Importance of Variety in Metacognitive Strategies, the author recommends that students should become aware that learning methods can be classified into four different “categories” and each of these 4 categories have a unique set of strategies that can be used in order to be effective. These categories are as follows:
This concept is very crucial because it allows for variety in what one does to learn, making it more fun and less tedious. At the same time, this method allows for the starting point for all learning to be relatively the same so that when one learns something new, they will continue from where they left off on where they left off before.
This is vital to the learning process because it allows for each new fact learned and each new concept that one learns to be much better understood and tangible to the learner. So if one learns a new language, then every time a learner comes across a word he or she has already learned before, that learner will naturally want to learn it in order to enhance his or her knowledge of the foreign language.
The variety in methods and metacognitive strategies allows for learning methods to stay fresh so as to not become repetitive or monotonous, which in turn allows for students to utilize all of these strategies successfully.