Types Of Stylistics
One of the types of stylistics is the Reader-Response Stylistics, from the title itself, it deals with how a reader response or react when he or she studying the text.
It focuses on the interpretations made by the reader on the text by his or her own literary competence. In the reader-response stylistics, there is an interaction between the structure of the text and the reader’s response. Thus, the reader becomes an active part of the text. The reader-response stylistics evokes a situation where individual readers give meaning to the text. This is because each reader will interact with the text differently, as the text may have more than one vivid interpretation. Second, Pragmatic Stylistics, scholars have demonstrated that the objective of pragmatics is to show how users of any language can use the sentences obtainable in such a language to convey messages which are not directly or explicitly shown in the propositional content of the sentences.
- Identify some features that can be focused on in a linguistic stylistic analysis.
Some of the features that can be focused on in a linguistic stylistic analysis are lexical repetition, lexico-semantic level, syntactic level, phonological level (sounds), graphological level, and literary stylistics.
Lexical repetition, words are repeated in which synonyms or near-synonyms may be used. At times, poets repeat some lexical items to focus the anticipated message. Second, lexico-semantic level looks at the lexical or the choices of words made by the speaker or writer, and the meaning behind those chosen vocabularies. Third, syntactic level deals with the arrangement of units larger than the word. And these units are consisting of group of phrases, clauses, and sentences. Fourth, phonological Level (Sounds), wherein it deals with the study of combining the sounds to form an organize units of speech, or in short it deals with how sound is being organize to mean. Sound patterning functions linguistically in poetry to project a poet’s purpose or concern in a work. Fifth, graphological level deals with the arrangement of words based on their meanings. For example, if a poet breaks the word “Kingdom” into “king – dom” the poet has tampered with the morphology of the word, thereby affecting the meaning. Lastly is the literary stylistics which its ultimate purpose is to explain the individual message of the writer in terms which makes its importance clear to others. The task of literary stylistics is to decipher a message encoded in an unfamiliar way, to express its meaning in familiar and communal terms and thereby to provide the private message with a public relevance.