Roman Gods and Goddesses
Roman gods fulfilled different functions corresponding to various aspects of life. They also had a rich and vibrant mythological background. While some of their gods are adaptations of the Greek Gods. These deities gave the Romans a sense of national pride, an understanding of valor and honor, and an insight into their own destiny.
These are the Roman Gods & Goddesses:
Jupiter (Zeus) King of the gods; son of Saturn, brother to Neptune, Pluto and Juno, god of sky and thunder; patron god of Rome. The eagle is his sacred animal and the thunderbolt is his identifying weapon. Called dies pater, or “shining father,” he is the protector of laws and the state, and the Romans believed that Jupiter guarded their city.
Juno (Hera) Queen of the gods; wife and sister of Jupiter, daughter of Saturn, sister of Neptune and Pluto, Mother of Juventas, Mars and Vulcan; protector of Rome’s women; patron goddess of Rome.
Minerva (Athena) goddess of wisdom, arts, trade and strategy.
Neptune (Poseidon) Brother of Jupiter, Pluto and Juno; god of freshwater and the sea, earthquakes, hurricanes and horses; often depicted with his trident. Carrying a trident with three prongs, Neptune rode a horse or a dolphin and ruled the sea. He was the first to be recognized in Roman mythology as being associated with water around 399 BC. His wife was Salacia and his brothers were Jupiter and Pluto.
Venus (Aphrodite) Mother of the Roman people; goddess of love, beauty, fertility, sex, desire and prosperity; patron of wine.
Mars (Ares) Son of Juno (without Jupiter); god of war; guardian of agriculture; embodiment of virility and aggression; father of Romulus — founder of Rome. He believed in using military power to maintain peace. According to Roman mythology, Mars fathered Romulus and Remus with Rhea Silvia and was the son of Jupiter and Juno.
Apollo (Apollo) The Archer; son of Jupiter and Latona; twin of Diana; god of music, healing, light and truth. Apollo is one of only a few Roman gods who kept the same name as his Greek counterpart. He is one of the most important and complex of Roman gods. Apollo is known in both the Greek and Roman pantheons of gods. Apollo served as an intermediary between the people and the gods. Due to his integrity and truthfulness, he was given the gift of prophecy. Not only is he powerful, but he also represents youthfulness, wisdom, and beauty.
Diana (Artemis) Daughter of Jupiter and Latona; twin of Apollo; goddess of the hunt, the moon and birth.
Vulcan (Hephaestus) God of fire, volcanoes, metal work and the forge; maker of the weapons of the gods. The Romans believed that Vulcan represented both the destructive and fertilizing powers of fire. Vulcan was the son of Jupiter and Juno. He was born with a red, disfigured face and was abandoned by his mother.
Vesta (Hestia) The sacred fire of the Vestal Virgins (all female and Rome’s only full-time priesthood); daughter of Saturn and Ops; goddess of hearth, home and family.
Mercury (Hermes) Son of Maia and Jupiter; god of profit, trade, eloquence, communication, travel, trickery and thieves; guide of dead souls to the underworld. According to Roman mythology, He is depicted in idols and paintings as holding a caduceus in his left hand just like his Greek counterpart Hermes who was given a magic wand by the sun god, Apollo.
Ceres (Demeter) The Eternal Mother; daughter of Saturn and Ops; goddess of agriculture, grain, women, motherhood and marriage; the lawgiver.
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