Rip Van Winkle By Washington Irving
Washington Irving was an American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, both of which appear in his collection The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.
Famed 19th century American author Washington Irving is known for his biographical works and such stories as ‘Rip Van Winkle’ and ‘The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.’
- Rip Van Winkle
a henpecked husband who loathes ‘profitable labor’.
- Dame Van Winkle
Rip Van Winkle’s cantankerous wife.
Rip Van Winkle’s son.
- Judith Gardenier
Rip Van Winkle’s daughter.
- Derrick Van Bummel
the local schoolmaster and later a member of Congress.
- Nicholas Vedder
landlord of the local inn where menfolk congregate.
- Mr. Doolittle
a hotel owner.
Rip’s faithful dog
- The Ghosts of Henry Hudson and his crew
Ghosts that share purple magic liquor with van Winkle.
Rip Van Winkle takes place in British colonial New York, near the Hudson River and Catskill Mountains in pre-revolutionary times.
Rip Van Winkle lives in a village in the Catskills with his wife and children. He’s an easygoing man with a nagging wife who constantly criticizes him. One day, Rip goes hunting in the mountains and meets Henry Hudson, the famed explorer who discovered the Hudson River.
- Rising Action
Rip Van Winkle is an amiable farmer who wanders into the Catskill Mountains, where he comes upon a group of dwarfs playing ninepins. Rip accepts their offer of a drink of liquor and promptly falls asleep.
When he awakens, 20 years later, he is an old man with a long white beard; the dwarfs are nowhere in sight. When Rip returns to town, he finds that everything is changed: his wife is dead, his children are grown, and George Washington’s portrait hangs in place of King George III’s.
- Falling Action
The only person in his village who recognizes him is Peter Vanderdonk, the eldest man in the village. The old man entertains the townspeople with tales of the old days and of his encounter with the little men in the mountains. Eventually, Rip’s daughter Judith accepts Rip as her father and brings him into her home. Judith has since grown up, married a man named Cardenier, and had a child.
On the next day where Rip Van Winkle tells and retells his story in hopes of keeping alive the old traditions. He loves his family, he feels alienated from them, unable to adjust to the fact that twenty years have passed.
- Point of View
Third-person point of view, the narrator tells us about what’s happening in the story. In third-person limited, the narrator shows us the thoughts and feelings of one character.
- Old versus New Traditions/Society
For 20 years of sleeping keep him simple, idle, and gentle villager of having unconscious of the present and have consciousness from the past resulting of confusing the things around them. He was never required to take part, and politics and “changes of empire” mean little to him. Although the village appears to be entirely different, it is also possible to see glimpses of the past just underneath the new changes.
- Union Hotel
Symbolizes from the literary text where the transition of the tradition ways into modern ways which is inn. It also represents where the settings are in the industrialize country.